In order to understand which the best weight loss method is, it is first necessary to understand the reasons for weight gain. From a certain period of human life, food or nutrients cause unwanted weight, which leads to health problems. Due to the growth of the body in the first half of life, in addition to the energy expended daily, energy must be taken for growth. However, in the period when the growth stops, the balance between the daily energy intake and the energy spent must be maintained. Since the body receives more energy than the energy spent daily during the growth period, this habit continues and the problem of excess weight arises in this way. Therefore, it is possible to express the weight problem as the balance between the energy taken and the energy needed.
The energies taken in excess of the daily need are stored as fat and the body weight balance is disturbed. In this case, the weight per unit body surface increases, so the balance of the body is negatively disturbed. At this point, the ideal weight loss method must be supported by maintaining the energy balance taken and given. Whichever method is used, it is necessary to stop taking more energy than is needed.
The point that comes to the fore in ideal weight loss methods is to protect not only the weight balance of the body, but also other balances. Theoretically, if a body is given plain water, it can withstand hunger for a long time and lose weight. However, nutrients, vitamins and minerals that the body needs daily must be taken regularly and adequately. At this point, it can be stated that the weight loss process must be done with professional help or follow-up. Therefore, it is seen that the energy balance taken and spent in the ideal weight loss method and professional help are the two most important components.
In professional help, methods vary according to the degree of weight problem, time effect and accompanying diseases. Generally, in the first years of weight problem, if there is no accompanying disease, diet is the most common method used. In addition, physical activity is given along with diet. While physical activity increases daily energy consumption, diet aims to decrease daily energy intake. The two continue together until they reach the ideal weight ratio.
One of the most common problems encountered with diet is the difficulty of complying because the eating pattern is a habit. In addition, the subject of physical activity can also cause the weight loss process to be negatively affected by many reasons such as urban environments, working life, and physical disabilities. Therefore, diet and weight loss method is one of the least invasive or medical intervention, but the most used weight loss methods among weight loss processes. There is not a single correct method known about the diet method, but diet methods have been put forward with many different names today. Some of these can cause serious side effects, such as a ketone diet or a carbohydrate diet. Again, very serious problems can be experienced due to the wrong diet, especially gout.
Another prominent issue about diet is its effects on the quality of life of individuals. Dietary programs usually envisage a period of three, six, and nine months, and a one-year period. In fact, many diet experts state that the process of losing weight is related to the change in eating habits, and therefore, reaching the ideal weight is not enough and reaching the ideal eating habits is the goal. Since this process means the process of abandoning a habit, it can cause serious declines in quality of life and difficulties for individuals.
Surgical intervention is required in cases where individuals have a concomitant disease, have to lose weight in a short time due to an operation or other reasons. Surgical methods come to the fore in individuals whose weight problem has become chronic and who cannot get results with diet and similar methods. At the beginning of these are gastric sleeve, gastric bypass and gastric balloon applications, which are also called bariatric surgery methods.
In the gastric bypass method, an intestinal passage is added between the stomach and the esophagus, allowing the passage of food to the intestines without being digested and weight loss is achieved. Gastric sleeve method, on the other hand, is based on surgical techniques to remove 80% of the stomach and reduce food intake. In gastric balloon, which is another most commonly used surgical method, a balloon is placed in the stomach and the stomach volume is reduced, thereby reducing the amount of nutrients taken. The common point of all these methods is to prevent the mechanically ingested food from entering the stomach or to be digested in the stomach and mixed with the blood.
Compared to diet and physical activity and weight loss methods, bariatric surgery methods give more effective and permanent results in a short time. However, as in every intervention, since weight loss occurs as a result of an external intervention in bariatric surgery methods, serious risks come with it in terms of maintaining body integrity. On the other hand, it is possible to control these risks by working with experienced and expert names.
After surgical methods, it is of great importance to maintain the energy balance taken and spent in the body. First of all, in principle, whatever weight loss method is used, they all provide an acute touch and the main solution is to maintain the balance between food intake and energy expenditure. For this reason, although diet and physical activity is the first method used for weight control and loss, it is one of the most important issues in terms of weight maintenance and sustainability of weight loss methods.
There can often be a balance between concomitant diseases and physical activity, in this case, studies are carried out on different energy consumption methods that can replace physical activity. However, today, individuals who cannot find the opportunity to do physical activity in addition to diet to lose weight or who have difficulty in physical activity use bariatric surgery methods more widely. As a result, bariatric surgery methods include methods that give effective results in a shorter time, in which the patient’s will is less valid in weight loss and maintaining weight balance, compared to other methods. Again, since it is possible that the changing body balance with weight loss may increase or reveal some diseases, patient follow-up can be done more intensively and seriously after surgical intervention, and as a result, significant progress can be made in the pre-diagnosis and treatment of important health problems.
In conclusion, the most ideal weight loss method differs according to many factors such as the daily life of the individual who is completely overweight, additional diseases, the status and degree of excess weight, physical activity and nutritional status. The procedure applied and the process followed in weight loss methods are also shaped according to the characteristics of the individual who has a weight problem. Again, the difficulty or degree of weight loss process differs according to the methods used. However, rather than which of the weight loss methods is ideal, a suggestion can be made about how the choice of method can be ideal. This recommendation is that the most ideal weight loss method is sustainable and with the support of an expert.